El Tanoura

El Tanoura

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One of the most popular Egyptian folk dances is “El Tanoura”. The word Tanoura in Arabic refers to Skirt and the origin of this folklore came from Turkish dance called Mevlevi which is a form of Sufi whirling practiced by Sufi Dervishes who aim to reach the source of all perfection and remembering of Allah.

Jalaluddin Rumi is a Turkish poet and philosopher and who is the one who created this form of dance “Mevlevi” in the Turkish city called “Konya” in the 13th century, and who is performing is form called Dervishes. The Mevlevi is not an ordinary dance or performance but it’s like meditation practice performed through worship ceremony where the dancers spinning one’s body in repetitive circles symbolizes imitation of the planets in the solar system orbiting the sun, and raises his right hand while lowers his left hand in a way of praying to the God.

The Egyptian furn “El Tanoura” is similar to Mevlevi but using different tools like tambourine, lantern, colorful tanoura “skirt”, and also the traditional dress consists of: a sleeveless white fork, a long sleeved jacket, tennure (and sometimes two skirts), trousers and a long hat


Dance,         Tanoura Mevlevi,               Jalaluddin Rumi Flok dance,
Egyptian culture,           Turkey Dervishes,             Sufism Sufi

The question:

Who created the Mevlevi dance?

  1. Shams Tabrizi.
  2. Jalaluddin Rumi.
  3. Mansur Al-Hallaj.


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